Preview

Медицина труда и промышленная экология

Расширенный поиск
Доступ открыт Открытый доступ  Доступ закрыт Только для подписчиков

Коронавирусная инфекция — новая проблема в профессиональной заболеваемости медицинских работников

https://doi.org/10.31089/1026-9428-2021-61-1-40-48

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Проведен анализ научной литературы по вопросам COVID-19 у медицинских работников с точки зрения вероятности профессионального характера коронавирусной инфекции при исполнении ими трудовых обязанностей. Рассмотрены основные документы Правительства РФ в отношении мер поддержки медработников, работающих с пациентами с наличием или с подозрением на COVID-19. Изучены некоторые вопросы распространения данной болезни с учетом звена «пациент - медработник». Выделены особенности инфекции COVID-19, клинические проявления и осложнения, которые касаются её расшифровки как профессионального заболевания.

Об авторах

О. Ю. Атьков
ФГБОУ ДПО «Российская медицинская академия непрерывного профессионального образования» Минздрава России
Россия


Светлана Георгиевна Горохова
ФГБОУ ДПО «Российская медицинская академия непрерывного профессионального образования» Минздрава России
Россия

Проф. каф. профпатологии и производственной медицины ФГБОУ ДПО «Российская медицинская академия непрерывного профессионального образования» Минздрава России, д-р мед. наук, проф.

e-mail: cafedra2004@mail.ru



В. Ф. Пфаф
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт медицины труда им. академика Н.Ф. Измерова»
Россия


Список литературы

1. WHO announces COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020

2. Lan F-Y., Wei C-F., Hsu Y-T., Christiani D.C., Kales S.N. Work-related COVID-19 transmission in six Asian countries/areas: A follow-up study. PLoS ONE. 2020; 15(5): e0233588. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233588

3. Misra A. Doctors and healthcare workers at frontline of COVID 19 epidemic: Admiration, a pat on the back, and need for extreme caution. Diabetes. Metab. Syndr. 2020; 14(3): 255-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2020.03.006

4. Senate - 03/03/2020 Resolution agreed to in Senate without amendment and an amended preamble by Unanimous Consent. Available at: https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/senate-resolution/497/text

5. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak: rights, roles and responsibilities of health workers, including key considerations for occupational safety and health WHO Reference Number: WHO/2019-nCov/HCW advice/2020.2. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/coronavirus-disease-(covid-19)-outbreak-rights-roles-and-responsibilities-of-health-workers-including-key-considerations-for-occupational-safety-and-health

6. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the EU/EEA and the UK - eighth update. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/covid-19-rapid-risk-assessment-coronavirus-disease-2019-eighth-update-8-april-2020.pdf

7. Mitura K., Myśliwiec P., Rogula W., Solecki M., Furtak J.P., Kazanowski M. et al. Guidelines for the management of surgical departments in non-uniform hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Pol. Przegl. Chir. 2020; 92(2): 48-59. https://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0014.1039

8. Zhou P., Huang Z., Xiao Y., Huang X., Fan X.G. Protecting Chinese healthcare workers while combating the 2019 novel coronavirus. Infect. Control. Hosp. Epidemiol. 2020; 41(6): 745-6. https://doi.org/10.1017/ice.2020.60

9. Characteristics of Health Care Personnel with COVID-19. MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly Rep. 2020; 69: 477-81. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6915e6external

10. Chowell G., Abdirizak F., Lee S., Lee J., Jung E., Nishiura H. et al. Transmission characteristics of MERS and SARS in the healthcare setting: a comparative study. BMC Med. 2015; 13: 210. pmid: 26336062

11. Twu S.J., Chen T.J., Chen C.J., Olsen S.J., Lee L.T., Fisk T. et al. Control measures for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Taiwan. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2003; 9(6): 718-20. pmid:12781013

12. Peck A.J., Newbern E.C., Feikin D.R., Issakbaeva E.T., Park B.J., Fehr J. et al. Lack of SARS transmission and U.S. SARS case-patient. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004; 10(2): 217-24. pmid:15030686

13. Lipsitch M., Cohen T., Cooper B., Robins J.M., Ma S., James L. et al. Transmission dynamics and control of severe acute respiratory syndrome. Science. 2003; 300 (5627): 1966-70. pmid:12766207

14. Seto W.H., Tsang D., Yung R.W., Ching T.Y., Ng T.K., Ho M. et al. Effectiveness of precautions against droplets and contact in prevention of nosocomial transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Lancet. 2003; 361(9368): 1519-20. pmid:12737864

15. Lietz J., Westermann C., Nienhaus A., Schablon A. The Occupational Risk of Influenza A (H1N1) Infection among Healthcare Personnel during the 2009 Pandemic: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. PLoS ONE. 2016: 11(8): e0162061. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162061

16. World Health Organization. Health workers exposure risk assessment and management in the context of COVID-19 virus: interim guidance, 4 March 2020. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/331340

17. Comparing coronavirus to the flu and other respiratory illnesses. https://www.news10.com/news/coronavirus/comparing-coronavirus-to-the-flu-and-other-respiratory-illnesses/

18. Information for healthcare professionals. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/index.html

19. Liu M., He P., Liu H.G., Wang X.J., Li F.J., Chen S. et al. Clinical characteristics of 30 medical workers infected with new coronavirus pneumonia. Chin. J. Tuberc. Respir. Dis., 2020: 43(0): E016. https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-0939.2020.0016

20. Sikkema R.S., Pas S.D., Nieuwenhuijse D.F., O'Toole Á., Verweij J., van der Linden A., Chestakova I., et al. COVID-19 in health-care workers in three hospitals in the south of the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study Lancet Infect Dis. 2020: S1473-3099(20)30527-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30527-2

21. Kluytmans-van den Bergh M.F.Q., Buiting A.G.M., Pas S.D., Bentvelsen R.G., van den Bijllaardt W., van Oudheusden A.J.G., et al. Prevalence and Clinical Presentation of Health Care Workers With Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in 2 Dutch Hospitals During an Early Phase of the Pandemic. JAMA Netw. Open. 2020; 3(5): e209673.

22. Shi S., Qin M., Shen B., Cai Y., Liu T., Yang F. et al. Association of cardiac injury with mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. JAMA Cardiol. 2020; e200950. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0950

23. Cao Y., Liu X., Xiong L., Cai K. Imaging and Clinical Features of Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Med. Virol. 2020; https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25822

24. Wang D., Yin Y., Hu C., Liu X., Zhang X., Zhou S. et al. Clinical course and outcome of 107 patients infected with the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, discharged from two hospitals in Wuhan, China. Crit. Care. 2020; 24(1): 188. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-020-02895-6

25. Guzik T.J., Mohiddin S.A., Dimarco A., Patel V., Savvatis K. et al. COVID-19 and the cardiovascular system: implications for risk assessment, diagnosis, and treatment options. Cardiovascular. Research. 2020: cvaa106. https://doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvaa106

26. Lew H.L., Oh-Park M., Cifu D.X. The War on COVID-19 Pandemic: Role of Rehabilitation Professionals and Hospitals. Am. J. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001460

27. Herman C., Mayer K., Sarwal A. Scoping review of prevalence of neurologic comorbidities in patients hospitalized for COVID-19. Neurology. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000009673

28. Lahiri D., Ardila A. COVID-19 Pandemic: A Neurological Perspective. Cureus. 2020; 12(4): e7889. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7889

29. Asadi-Pooya A.A., Simani L. Central nervous system manifestations of COVID-19: a systematic review. J. Neurol. Sci. 2020; 413: 116832.

30. Toscano G., Palmerini F., Ravaglia S., Ruiz L., Invernizzi P., Cuzzoni M.G. et al. Guillain-Barre syndrome associated with SARS-CoV-2. N. Engl. J. Med. 2020; 382(26): 2574-6. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2009191

31. Rogers J.P., Chesney E., Oliver D., Pollak T.A., McGuire P., Fusar-Poli P. et al. Psychiatric and neuropsychiatric presentations associated with severe coronavirus infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis with comparison to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020: S2215-0366(20)30203-0. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30203-0


Для цитирования:


Атьков О.Ю., Горохова С.Г., Пфаф В.Ф. Коронавирусная инфекция — новая проблема в профессиональной заболеваемости медицинских работников. Медицина труда и промышленная экология. 2021;61(1):40-48. https://doi.org/10.31089/1026-9428-2021-61-1-40-48

For citation:


Atkov O.Yu., Gorokhova S.G., Pfaf V.F. COVID-19 in health care workers. A new problem in occupational medicine. Russian Journal of Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology. 2021;61(1):40-48. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31089/1026-9428-2021-61-1-40-48

Просмотров: 105


ISSN 1026-9428 (Print)
ISSN 2618-8945 (Online)